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History

Enzo Ferrari was born on February 18, 1898 near Modena, Italy. When he was 10 his father took him to an automobile race in Bologna. After attending a number of other races, he decided he wanted to become a racing car driver.

While working at a small carmaker involved with converting war surplus, Ferrari took up racing. In 1919 he finished ninth at the Targa Florio. He ended up landing a job with Alfa Romeo and drove a modified production car in the 1920 Targa Florio. Ferrario managed to finish second.

In 1923 while racing at the Circuit of Sivocci at Ravenna he was approached by Count Enrico and Countess Paolina Baracca, the parents of the heroic Italian pilot Francesco Baracca. Francesco was known as the Italian ace of aces. He died on Mount Montello during the war. His parents gave Ferrari their son’s squadron badge, which was the famous prancing horse on a yellow shield.

Enzo Ferrari was connected with Alfa Romeo for many years, however, he built only a few sports cars bearing his name and his famous prancing horse badge. In 1929 Enzo formed the Scuderia Ferrari with the aim of organizing racing for members. The Scuderia Ferrari team competed in 22 events and scored 8 victories and several good placings.

In 1940 Enzo Ferrari left Alfa Romeo and started a new company Auto-Avio Costruzioni Ferrari. During World War II the Ferrari workshop moved from Modena to Maranello. The workshop became a victim of the war in 1944 – it was leveled by bombs. A year after the war in 1946 the shop was rebuilt and work began on the first ever Ferrari motorcar, the 125 Sport. This car started a grand tradition of winning for Ferrari. Since it’s first race in 1947, Ferrari’s have had over 5,000 successes on race tracks around the globe.

In 1969 Enzo Ferrari sold 50% of Ferrari’s share capital to the Fiat group. That figure grew to 90% in 1988. Enzo Ferrari died at the age of 90 in Modena on August 14, 1988.

Smaller engines are winners at international awards

Smaller engines are winners at international awards

The latest ‘green’ engine from Fiat was among the winners when the motor industry gathered to make its choice of international engine of the year for 2010. The awards’ organiser, Engine Technology International magazine, named the Italian manufacturer’s 1.4-litre MultiAir Turbo engine the best out of all 66 new car engines launched during 2009.

This engine is available in two high-performance versions of the Italian manufacturer’s Punto models – the Punto Evo and Abarth Punto Evo – as well as vehicles in Alfa Romeo’s MiTo and Giulietta ranges. Models of the mid-range Bravo hatchback powered by the engine are due to follow onto the market soon.

MultiAir technology allows the intake of air into the engine to be directly controlled, independently of the throttle control, cylinder by cylinder and stroke by stroke. This is claimed to help achieve reductions in fuel consumption and carbon dioxide emissions of up to 10 per cent, while resulting in the amount of power produced being increased by the same margin, and 15 per cent extra torque, or pulling power, being available to drivers.

Fiat’s range of MultiAir engines produce between 135 and 170bhp, and are the successors to the company’s first MultiJet diesel engine, which was introduced in 2005, and in that year won the same prize in the one-litre to 1.4-litre category as its new counterpart.

FPT Product Engineering vice-president, Aldo Marangoni, collected the award on behalf of his development team, and said he believed the engine’s popularity was due to its excellent mixture of power, lower CO2 emissions and improved fuel economy over its predecessor.

The popularity of these smaller engines is understandable. Since the UK government changed the criteria under which cars were graded for vehicle excise duty – what is more commonly known as road tax – car manufacturers have been working hard to make smaller engines which can offer the power output of larger units, while being economical to run, and being less harmful to the environment.

As a result, just about every car manufacturer now has its own equivalent of the award-winning Fiat power plant, and their development is accelerating quickly – as that figure of 66 new engines launched during 2009 shows.

Make sure whe nbuying new and used cars that you buy from reputable car dealers to ensure you get the best service and vehicles for your money.

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